Visual Literacy
How do I make meaning

Camera Movement

There are a variety of camera movements the director can use to make meaning on screen for the viewer. They are described below and to see an example of these movements click on the links associated with each type of movement.

In this unit of work the Dolly and the Tracking camera movements will not be used.






The camera moves towards or away from a particular object.

It is used to make objects appear closer or further away.

Panning The camera turns from side to side, i.e. from left to right or right to left. It is often used in the opening scene of a movie or can be used to show the landscape from the view of the characters.

Tilt The camera moves diagonally from the top to the bottom of the frame. It is used to show the character from head to toe and can emphasize size. It can also indicate speed and reaction.

Dolly The camera moves towards or away from the character. The camera is often placed on wheels to allow for a smooth movement. It allows you to follow the characters or the action, from one place to another.
Tracking The camera moves along with the actors or the action. The camera is usually on wheels. It engages the viewer in the action where they can feel part of it.

Video footage created by Arabella Lindsay-Walker